Time and space multi-manned assembly line balancing problem using genetic algorithm

Nessren Zamzam, Ahmed Elakkad


Purpose: Time and Space assembly line balancing problem (TSALBP) is the problem of balancing the line taking the area required by the task and to store the tools into consideration. This area is important to be considered to minimize unplanned traveling distance by the workers and consequently unplanned time waste. Although TSALBP is a realistic problem that express the real-life situation, and it became more practical to consider multi-manned assembly line to get better space utilization, few literatures addressed the problem of time and space in simple assembly line and only one in multi-manned assembly line. In this paper the problem of balancing bi-objective time and space multi-manned assembly line is proposed

Design/methodology/approach: Hybrid genetic algorithm under time and space constraints besides assembly line conventional constraints is used to model this problem. The initial population is generated based on conventional assembly line heuristic added to random generations. The objective of this model is to minimize number of workers and number of stations.

Findings: The results showed the effectiveness of the proposed model in solving multi-manned time and space assembly line problem. The proposed method gets better results in solving real-life Nissan problem compared to the literature. It is also found that there is a relationship between the variability of task time, maximum task time and cycle time on the solution of the problem. In some problem features it is more appropriate to solve the problem as simple assembly line than multi-manned assembly line.

Originality/value: It is the first article to solve the problem of balancing multi-manned assembly line under time and area constraint using genetic algorithm. A relationship between the problem features and the solution is found according to it, the solution method (one sided or multi-manned) is defined.


Assembly line, multi-manned, time and space assembly line, genetic algorithm

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.3926/jiem.3542

Licencia de Creative Commons 

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, 2008-2024

Online ISSN: 2013-0953; Print ISSN: 2013-8423; Online DL: B-28744-2008

Publisher: OmniaScience