Continuous vocational training in response to the challenge of industry 4.0: Required skills and business results

Jose Ramon Aranda, Irene Campos, Carolina Cosculluela, Jose San Martin, Carmen De Pablos


Purpose: To identify the technical skills which, linked to digitalization processes, are required to achieve different types of business results. 

Design/methodology/approach: The Delphi method was applied, through the opinions of a group of Spanish experts, to identify the importance of certain skills for the advancement of digitalization and the implementation of Industry 4.0. 

Findings: The results show that: 1) skills in Robotics, the Internet of Things, Networks and Artificial Intelligence are necessary to achieve results in the management of company technical areas; 2) commercial management needs skills in Intelligent Systems, Big Data, Cybersecurity, Distributed Technology and Contents; and 3) for the business challenges of sustainable development, the environment and energy efficiency, the most needed skills are in Big Data, Intelligent Systems and Artificial Intelligence.

Originality/value: The results are useful, firstly, in providing firms with a training and selection tool for the development of I4.0 and, secondly, in offering training centers criteria for drawing up their training programs.


Technical skills, continuous training, digitalization, Industry 4.0, firm performance

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Licencia de Creative Commons 

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, 2008-2024

Online ISSN: 2013-0953; Print ISSN: 2013-8423; Online DL: B-28744-2008

Publisher: OmniaScience